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Locality profile

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Welcome to the Leighton Buzzard locality profile page. Here you can find in-depth information about the health of local residents including facts and figures on population, diversity, life expectancy, health inequalities, health behaviours and variations between GP practices.


Key facts in Leighton Buzzard’s report

Children and young people: 

• The rates of emergency respiratory admissions for children and young people from some of Leighton Buzzard’s GP practices were significantly higher than the Bedfordshire CCG average
• It is estimated that 235 children aged 5-10 and 320 aged 11-16 in Leighton Buzzard have a mental illness. Mental illness is more prevalent in boys than girls
• 20% of babies delivered at Luton & Dunstable hospital were born to mothers who smoked during pregnancy. Antenatal clinics should ensure pregnant smokers are referred to the ‘Smoke Free Baby and Me’ programme or the Stop Smoking service. Health professionals should promote the Smokefree Homes and Cars programme that was re-launched in June 2014
• In 2012 the under 18 conception rate in Central Bedfordshire was higher than the East of England average and there are hotspots within Leighton Buzzard. GPs should work with teenage pregnancy prevention programmes including Brook and THT Contraceptive and Sexual Health Services and the Free Condom Card Scheme
• Some GP practices had rates of breastfeeding which were significantly below the Bedfordshire CCG average. Whilst breastfeeding support needs to be available to all women antenatally and postnatally, additional support is required for the mothers least likely to breastfeed including those from more deprived areas and teenage mothers
• Leighton Buzzard did not achieve any of the childhood vaccination targets for 5 year olds in 2013/14. Work should be done to improve uptake of childhood immunisations with the local public health team, Public Health England and NHS England


Adults and older people:  

• In Leighton Buzzard 3,182 people are over 75 years old (7.0% of total population) and 904 (2.0%) are over 85 years old. Extrapolating, we project an increase of 425 over 75s from 2013 to 2017. With the growth in the number of older people in the community, prevention and self-management are important priorities for health and social care teams
• Emergency admissions for Ambulatory Care Sensitive conditions can be reduced with effective community and primary health care. In 2013/14 there were 93 spells for influenza and pneumonia, 32 for congestive cardiac failure and 78 for COPD, at a total cost of £609k for all three
• Of the 3,182 over 75s in Leighton Buzzard, just over 1,460 are estimated to live alone. Social isolation and loneliness are increasingly being linked to poor physical and mental health. Joined-up working between social care and health is needed to identify this cohort and address social isolation, prevent mental health problems and manage long-term conditions
• Currently Leighton Buzzard is not meeting the 75% target for flu immunisation in the over 65s. Practices need to focus on patients ‘who do not attend’ and to continue to recall patients to get vaccinated. Carers also need to be provided with information to ensure they are vaccinated. Leighton Buzzard Locality should work closely NHS England and Public Health department to implement national and local guidance
• There are an estimated 480 people living with dementia in Leighton Buzzard. GP practices should review their dementia registers and compare these with the predicted prevalence to quantify unmet need. Identifying and diagnosing dementia ensures that patients and their carers can access the appropriate care and support

For the 2014 locality profile (2013 data) click here.  

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